PRONUNCIATION: /θ/ - /ð/
Practice 1.Read out these sentences.
I thought Mr. Smith was thirty-three.
But next Thursday will be his thirtieth birthday.
Something about him makes me think he is like my brother.
The roses that you gave him are beautiful.
Look at the clothes on that thin man over there!
Practice 2.Circle the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.
1.A. East B. head C. street D. season
2.A. Although B. southern C. theatre D. these
Practice 3.Circle the word whose main stress is placed differently from the other.
1.A. locate B. mingle C. develop D. attract
2.A. metropolitan B. situation C. population D. historical
3.A. museum B. gallery C. harbour D. capital
NON-DEFINING & DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (restrictive relative clauses)
A defining relative clause is used to define people, things, animals in the sentence. It is very important and necessary for the sentence.
B. NON- DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (Non-restrictive Clauses)
A non-defining relative clause is used to modify further information for the people, things, animals in the sentence. It is separated by commas “,”. We can omit it without changing the meaning of the sentence.
Exercise 1.Underline the relative clauses in these sentences, and indicate if they are defining (D) or non-defining (ND). Add a comma where required.
Washington D.C, which is located on the East Coast of the United States
has many interesting and historical places to visit. ……..
Brasilia which is located on the Granada River became the capital of Brazil in 1960. ……..
More exercise.Combine the following sentences by using relative clauses.
I remember the day. I was afraid to use my new computer then.
I work in an office. In my office, the software changes frequently.
The secretary can give you the information. She sits at the first desk on the right.
ALTHOUGH/ EVEN THOUGH/ THOUGH
1. Form: although/ even though/ though + S + V + O
2. Use: although/ even though/ though are conjunctions which are used to connect 2 contrasting ideas.
Exercise 2.Combine the following sentences, using “although”
There is not much to do in the countryside. I prefer living in the countryside.
There is a lot of pollution in Los Angeles. It is an ideal place to live.
The shops are crowded. People are not buying much.
The city is a favourite tourist destination for many people. It has its problem.
It is a safe neighbourhood. It is best to be careful.